What is an appraisal?Buying real estate is the most significant financial decision many of us could ever make. It doesn't matter if it's a main residence, a second vacation home or an investment, the purchase of real property is a complex financial transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to make it all happen.
It's likely you are familiar with the parties having a role in the transaction. The real estate agent is the most familiar person in the transaction. Next, the mortgage company provides the financial capital necessary to bankroll the exchange. The title company ensures that all areas of the exchange are completed and that a clear title transfers from the seller to the buyer.
So what party makes sure the value of the real estate is consistent with the purchase price? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Indiana licensed appraiser from Brooks Appraisal Services will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
Inspecting the subject propertyTo ascertain an accurate status of the property, it's our responsibility to first complete a thorough inspection. We must see features hands on, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they truly are present and are in the condition a typical person would expect them to be. To make sure the stated square footage has not been misrepresented and illustrate the layout of the home, the inspection often includes creating a sketch of the floor plan. Most importantly, the appraiser looks for any obvious features - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the house.
Back at the office, we use two or three approaches when determining the value of real property: sales comparison and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
Replacement CostHere, we gather information on local building costs, labor rates and other factors to calculate how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This value usually sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. The cost approach is also the least used method.
Analyzing Comparable SalesAppraisers can tell you a lot about the communities in which they work. We thoroughly understand the value of specific features to the people of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent sales in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the property in question. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as fireplaces, room layout, appliance upgrades, extra bathrooms or bedrooms, or quality of construction, we add or subtract from each comparable's sales price so that they more accurately portray the features of subject.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachIn the case of income producing properties - rental houses for example - the appraiser may use a third approach to value. In this case, the amount of income the real estate generates is taken into consideration along with income produced by comparable properties to give an indicator of the current value.
ReconciliationExamining the data from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to stipulate an estimated market value for the property at hand. Note: While this amount is probably the most reliable indication of what a property would sell for in an open market, it probably will not be the final sales price. Depending on the specific situations of the buyer or seller, their level of urgency or a buyer's desire for that exact property, the closing price of a home can always be driven up or down. Regardless, the appraised value is often employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property would likely sell for in an open marketplace. At the end of the day: An appraiser from Brooks Appraisal Services will guarantee you get the most accurate property value, so you can make wise real estate decisions.